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Kambuja Voyages About Cambodia

Locates in South-East Asia between Thailand and Vietnam; it shares border with Laos on the North-Eastern and covers the land of 181,035 Km2. Cambodia is the country of people called Khmer, which is approximately 90% of the total population. The Mekong River flows through Cambodia from the North-Eastern and meanders to the center and the South of Cambodia; the Capital City of Cambodia, Phnom Penh is situated on Mekong River's West Bank.

The population of Cambodia is approximately 13 million in 2005. Khmers are the original people of Cambodia and the other three ethnic groups are Cham, Chinese and Vietnamese. Various hill bribes are also seen in this country.

In Cambodia there are more women than men. Women are approximately 52% and men are approximately 42%. Cambodia has a lot of young population approximately 50% of its population are below 30 years old while senior citizens of over 65 is approximately 5%.

People speak Khmer as their official language in Cambodia. English and French have been spoken as their second languages. Cham, Chinese and Vietnamese also speak their own languages.

Buddhism is the state religion of Cambodia. The Khmer and Chinese are Buddhists, Chams are Muslim and the Vietnamese are Catholic. To ordain as a Buddhist Monk is not compulsory for the Cambodian Buddhists.

Cambodia is a tropical climate country. There are two main seasons, the rainy and dry season. The rainy season in Cambodia starts from May and ends in October, dry season starts from November and ends in April. From November to February is the Cambodia's cool season, around 20C, while between March and April are hottest months in the year, around 38C. The average daytime temperature of Cambodia is 28C.

Local Time
GMT + 7 hours

Political Regime
From 1993 on ward, Cambodia is a Constitutional Monarchy, which the official name of this country is Kingdom of Cambodia. Cambodia had its first election in 1993 after the collapse of the Socialist regime in 1991 and its election term is 5 years. The election in Cambodia is the parliamentary proportional election. Military service is not compulsory in Cambodia.

Legal system
Due to Cambodia was a France's Colony for 90 years from 1863 to 1953, Cambodia has a strong French influence in its administrative and legal system, thus present legal system in Cambodia is French Style system. Cambodia's present constitution was made in 1993 after the nation was converted from a Socialist to Capitalist. Cambodia has three levels of court, the Provincial Court, Appeal Court and the Supreme Court. Legal age of Cambodian people is 18 years old and it is the age that Cambodian can vote and drive vehicles.

Administrative System
Cambodia is divided into 24 provinces-cities. In each province is divided into districts, each district is divided into communes and each commune is divided into villages. Top leader of a province and a district is called governor and top leader of a commune or village is called chief.

Since 1993 Cambodia is a free market economic country. The main economic industry in Cambodia is agriculture. The secondary industry is textile and tourism. Approximately 80% of Cambodians are farmers, with more than 2 millions hectares of farmland in the country.

Provinces situated in the lowland area of Cambodia are considered as the rice bowl and Tonle Sap Lake, which situated in the center of Cambodia, is considered as the fish basket of this Nation.

The main exports of Cambodia are wide range of textiles and agricultural products. Cambodia's trade partners are all South East Asian Nations, some counties in EU, America and Middle East.

Cambodia has its own tradition and culture since the past thousand years, approximately since 5,000 BC since the Khmer resided in this country. However, Indian influences are seen in many parts of Cambodia's culture including in religions, traditions, arts, custom and living style. Indian influences have been seen since the early day of the first and second century. The living style of Cambodian is collectiveness and family size is approximately 6 people per family and Cambodian family usually regards to large extended families; young people look after their parents and grand parents very well. Boyfriend and girlfriend system as well as pre-married sexual are not accepted in the Cambodian tradition. People usually get married at young age and Cambodia's life expectancy is 54 (1998 census).

Instead of eating bread and potato as European, Cambodians eat rice and fishes as their main source of food for protein. Cambodian foods are not spicy and oily as other Asian food in Asia. Cambodian people eat all kinds of meat and fishes however the Muslims, Cham do not eat pork.

Health Precaution
No vaccinations are required when visiting to the Kingdom of Cambodia. But, it is recommended that all visitors should be vaccinated against several types of diseases such as tetanus, typhoid and hepatitis A and B etc. Tape water is not drinkable. Prescription drugs are easily obtainable in urban areas. Precautions against malaria, such as doxy cycline or larium, are not necessary for Phnom Penh or Siem Reap, however are recommended when visiting remote area of Cambodia. Visitors should consult doctor or travel centre before leaving for Cambodia.

Cambodia's currency is Riel. U.S. dollar is also accepted in Cambodia. The current exchange rate is approximately USD 1 against 4,000 Riels. ATM machines are available in the Capital city Phnom Penh and Siem Reap as well as traveler's cheque and credit cards are cashable.

Cambodia provides a wide range of handicrafts and beautiful silverware, pottery and jewelry. Religious themes and scenes of daily life feature strongly in oil paintings and intricate carvings made from various kind of stone, marble and some of Cambodia's tropical hardwoods. Probably the most attractive to visitors are the wide range of traditional silk and cotton clothes which can be made into beautiful dresses by Cambodian tailors at a low cost. In true Asian tradition, open marketplaces are an integral part of Cambodian life. Cambodian markets sell wide range of things from food, household ware, clothes to electrical appliances etc.

The electricity is available only in the urban area with the maximum of 220 volt. People use battery and petrol lamp in the rural area.

Cambodia's Political Regimes in the 19th and 20th century
From 1993 until the present time, Cambodia is a Capitalist and Constitutional Monarchy Country reined by King.

From 1991 to 1992 Cambodia was ruled by a United Nations' transitional authority of Cambodia called UNTAC. The UNTAC was in Cambodia to arrange the free and fair election in this country after the peace agreement was signed in Paris in October 1991.

From 1979 to 1990 Cambodia was a Marxist Social country and was an alliance of the Former Soviet Union.

From 1975 to 1979 Cambodia was a Maoist Style Social country known as Khmer Rouge Regime, when approximately 2 millions people were killed.

From 1970 to 1975 Cambodia was a Capitalist country called Khmer Republic and led by a former military general.

From 1953 to 1970 Cambodia was Monarchy country reigned by Prince Norodom Sihanouk.

From 1863 to 1953 Cambodia was a France's Colony.

How to Obtain a Visa into the Kingdom of Cambodia
One-month-entry visa can be obtained at any international entry point of Cambodia. This kind of visa is also obtainable from the Cambodia's Embassies and consular in many countries. The visa fee is USD 20.

Tour reservation can be booked to KAMBUJA VOYAGES through the following address:

# 8, Street 174, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tel: (855) 23 214 218 or 23 214 163
Mobile (855) 12 915 511
Fax: (855) 23 213 134
Email: kambuja@camnet.com.kh
Web:   www.kambujavoyages.com

provides a wide range of tour services including hotel reservation, tour arrangement, tour guides, transportation, ticketing etc.

International Flights
There are two international airports in the Kingdom of Cambodia today. Phnom Penh International Airport serves the capital of Phnom Penh and Siem Reap International Airport acts as a newly popular portal to the temples of Angkor. Both airports are being comprehensively upgraded. Airlines currently servicing Cambodia include local carriers such as Siem Reap Airways and international carriers including Thai Airways, Bangkok Airways, Silk Air, Malaysia Airlines, Dragon Air, Lao Aviation, Shanghai Airlines, Eva Air and Vietnam Airlines. Direct flights to Cambodia are available from Bangkok, Saigon, Vientiane, Hong Kong, Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Guangzhou, Taipei, Shanghai and Danang in Vietnam.

Domestic Flight
Domestic flights are available between Phnom Penh and a number of provincial destinations. Most popular is the Siem Reap route, but it is also possible to fly to Battambang, Sihanuk Ville and Ratanakiri and Mondulkiri are unreliable services.

Airport Tax
International airport tax is USD 25 and domestic airport tax is USD 6.

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Ministry of Tourism
Kingdom of Cambodia

Member of CATA
Cambodia Tourism Map
Cambodia Tourism Map

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